What are the Causes of Canine Mast Cell Tumors


A Dog's Worst Enemy: Mast Cell Tumors

Cancer is an unfortunate diagnosis in anyone, human or animal and one of the most common in canines are Mast cell tumors or MCT. Mast cells develop in the skin and the canine mast cell tumor can develop beneath or on the surface of their epidermis. The tumors often appear in multiples and change in size. Canine mast cell tumor is most commonly found in pugs, boxers, and bulldogs too. Mast cells help the immunity and are intended to fight off certain allergies due to contents which include histamines and heparin. If caught early on, there is mast cell tumor treatment for dogs available.

A mast cell tumor dog is classified into two different groups which include grade and stage. There are three grades based on the aggression of the growth. Grade one tumors appear just below the surface of the skin and are the most common tumor and actually non-malignant, meaning they are not cancerous. Grade two tumors are found in the thicker layer below the skin also known as subcutaneous tissue and can be either malignant or not. Treatment results will vary in mast cell tumor dog and may be less successful in grade three where tumors are buried deep below the epidermis and cancer can spread to other parts of the body.

Stages of Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs

There are also four stages of cancer. Stages represent if and where cancer has spread. Stage one signifies a tumor that has not metastasized, meaning spread. Cancer becomes even more serious when it reaches stage two. At stage two, cancer has now spread to the lymph nodes and began affecting the blood count. Stage three involves more than one tumor and they may or not be malignant. The fourth stage of Mast cell tumors means cancer has metastasized to various organs in the body. Chances of survival are slimmer at stage four. 

Mast Cell Tumor Treatment For Dogs

When caught early enough, mast cell tumor treatment for dogs can be quite successful. In order to determine the type and amount of treatment needed, the tumor must first be tested. Depending on lab results, veterinarians will be able to determine whether surgery and radiation are needed. Some other methods of treatment include chemotherapy and the lesser known hyperthermia. Hyperthermia occurs when the body's temperature increases to the point of the possibility of sweating the tumor out. When caught soon enough, chemo has shown to have helped give many dogs a second chance at life, by removing the monster from within. However, most dogs with a history of a mast cell tumor are more likely to develop more. A supplement such as CBD Oil for Pets should be administered. CBD is from the marijuana plant which works tremendously to fight the symptoms of cancer.

At the end of the day, as with all illness serious or not, the prognosis will differ. The sooner the tumor is spotted and a biopsy has detected cancer, the better the chances for successful treatment and a higher chance of survival. Although it may not always be fatal, it is very common and any dog can get it. If you are aware of your body and things that don't belong there, then you will most likely notice it on your pet too.

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