Common Cancers In Dogs

Common Cancers In Dogs


Common Cancers in Dogs

Canine enthusiasts will often personify their dogs. They're part of the family. Your dog may seem to have a personality and understand you. From this perspective, your pup can feel like a human companion. A common trait between humans and canines, however, is a disease. Dogs can develop cancer just as readily as a human being. Explore the cancers found in canines today and how to fight them. Your pooch should live a long life without any ailments holding them back. 


Bladder Cancer in Dogs

It's common to mistake bladder cancer for a simple, urinary tract infection. The symptoms are practically the same between the two ailments, such as: 

• Bloody urine 

• Frequent urination 

• Incontinence 

Treatment might include radiation, but surgery and chemotherapy aren't often chosen. They don't have the same effects on the tumor compared to radiation. Other tumors, such as spleen cancer in dogs, tend to respond to chemotherapy. Every cancer has its own morphology that reacts with today's latest treatment options. 

Brain Tumors in Dogs

Brain cancer can originate within the brain's membranes or from an outside source, such as bone cancer in dogs. The first symptoms that you might notice are: 

• Excessive aggression 

• Circling or pacing 

• Changes in eating and drinking patterns 

Seizures in Dogs

Dogs can have surgery on their tumors if they reside on the brain's surface. Deeply embedded tumors, however, cannot be accessed by medical personnel. You might opt for chemotherapy or radiation as alternatives. It's possible to fight off this cancer when it's found in its early stages. 

Mammary Carcinoma in Dogs

Some ailments can be difficult to pinpoint, such as lung cancer in dogs, but mammary carcinoma is different. Female dogs develop these tumors along their bellies where the nipples are visible. The growths can be greatly exaggerated where they extend downward from the abdomen. 

A simple way to prevent this cancer is by spaying the pup. There are no specialized glands that develop tumors in the first place at that point. 

Pups that do develop tumors can be surgically treated along with chemotherapy options. Most prognoses are extremely positive with recovery in most patients. 

Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs

Mast cell cancer in dogs is an unusual ailment because it doesn't typically involve pain. Growths occur in certain areas, such as: 

• Digestive tract 

• Spleen 

• Skin 

The pup might appear sluggish, but it's the physical growths that alert the owner to an issue. 

Because mast cells are found throughout the dog's body, treatment involves an evaluation of the entire pet. Unlike dog mouth cancer where growths are isolated to one area, mutated cells might be located in multiple tissues. Surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are all options for the dog. The vet will keep up with the treatment until the growths shrink. 

Malignant Histiocytosis 

Certain ailments, including liver cancer in dogs, can be extremely serious. Malignant histiocytosis is cancer that's aggressive and possibly fatal for dogs. It's a serious ailment because it impacts histiocytes located in the dog's connective tissue. Cancer may not be detected until it's too late. 

Symptoms of this cancer include: 

• Fatigue 

• Fever 

• Poor appetite 

Unless this cancer is caught early on, chemotherapy is typically the only available treatment. Most families choose palliative care otherwise. Tumor removal is only possible with an early diagnosis. 

Squamous Cell Carcinomas 

Squamous cell cancer is a type of skin ailment where tumors arise in the dog's skin. If you have a short-hair dog, the tumors may be seen well before they grow very large. You want to catch this ailment early on in its development. It can readily spread, which might lead to canine lymphoma. 

Typical symptoms of squamous cell include: 

• Unusual, skin pigmentation 

• Nursing the impacted area, such as licking affected paws 

• Lethargy 

Most treatment options involve surgery to remove the skin area. Affected nails might require digit removal. Every dog will have a different outcome with squamous-cell ailments. 


Spleen and dog liver cancer are referred to as hemangiosarcoma in dogs. Tumors growing from the blood vessels' inner linings are the result of this ailment. Your dog might have these symptoms, including: 

• Enlarged torso 

• Lameness 

• Weight loss 

Surgical options and chemotherapy are possible, depending on the dog's overall health. A specialty doctor must look over the tumors, and he or she will determine the best action to take. 

Lymphoma in Dogs

The lymph nodes carry fluid across the dog's body for waste and immunity purposes. Lymphoma in dogs is characterized by these symptoms, such as: 

• Swollen legs or face 

• Weight loss 

• Lethargy 

Because the lymph nodes employ vessels across the pet's body for fluid movement, eradicating the disease is best achieved through chemotherapy. Catching cancer in its infancy stage gives the pet a chance at a healthy life. 

Melanoma in Dogs

From bone to stomach cancer in dogs, almost any tissue is prone to mutation. Melanoma is a skin cancer that's associated with the dog's skin pigmentation. Symptoms include: 

• Lumpy growths 

• Irritated skin 

Removing the cancerous growths is the optimal treatment. Many of the growths are within mucous membranes, such as the mouth, so they're easily seen. 

Osteosarcoma in Dogs

Osteosarcoma in dogs is a serious, bone affliction. It's difficult to pinpoint because the pup may be hiding its pain. Limping, reduced energy levels and appetite changes are common. 

Because bone tissue is constantly being created, this cancer can spread. Doctors typically remove the impacted bone if it's cancerous in nature. 


Symptoms of testicular cancer are few in number. You'd find more indications with kidney cancer in dogs. However, the fact that the dog is still intact means that you should be evaluating the scrotal area on a regular basis. Look for asymmetrical testicles or enlarged tissues. Removing the testicles altogether is often the solution to this cancer. 

If you suspect any cancer afflicting your pup, visit the veterinarian as soon as possible. These professionals can detect breast cancer in dogs along with other growths. Ignoring a mysterious growth will only cause more problems in the long run. Be a champion for your dog so that old age is an experience that can be explored without aches or pains.